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Duties of A Homicide Detective

The job and work of a Homicide Detective is stressful and dangerous. The job requires long hours and sometimes working through the night if need arises. Even then, there are plenty of duties to keep the investigators busy.

The duties of a homicide detective can be broadly classified into the following 4 categories:

1. Collecting Evidence

  •  Their primary task is to collect evidence from the murder scene and make sure that no unauthorized person is present there who can tamper with the evidence.
  • They collect samples from the spot and look for vital clues like hair samples, bullets, blood samples or other fluid samples which are then sent for forensic examination.
  • They also collect photographs of the crime scene and of every object and evidence found at the crime scene as it may prove helpful in cracking the case.

2. Conducting Interviews

  • Homicide detectives often interview potential suspects, including close friends and family members of the victim.
  • They have the power to go through criminal records of possible suspects, and can observe the activities of potential suspects to look for any suspicious activity that might help in cracking the case.
  • They can also interview eyewitnesses and record their statements, to see if they can provide any description of the suspect or the series of events which led to the murder.

3. Arrests and Testifying

  • Homicide detectives can arrest a potential suspect if the need arises or if there is evidence pointing in the direction of the criminal who committed the crime.
  • They can testify in court against the suspect in front of the jury, based on the evidences they had gathered for the conviction and sentencing of the suspect.

4. Report Writing

  • Writing reports of crimes and crime scenes is an important part of this job. This helps in court incase investigators need to testify and it also keeps a record of the crime for reference in future.
  • These reports contain facts, the investigator’s observation and nothing else. They should be written as simple as possible, without omitting any fact or evidence.
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